Innovations and advancements are regarded as crucial in the field of modern agriculture than in the past years. The whole industry is facing several huge challenges when it comes to a shortage of labor, increase in the cost of supplies, changes in the preferences of consumers for the sustainability and transparency of the business. More agriculture corporations are realizing that these problems need solutions for it to be resolved.
The agriculture industry has been witnessing large growth in investments, over the past few years, with the investment of $6.7 billion in the last five years, and $1.9 billion in the past year. The main innovations in technology mainly focused on areas like automation, indoor vertical farming, modern greenhouse practices, robotics and automation, artificial intelligence, livestock technology, blockchain, and many more.
Indoor Vertical Farming
Indoor vertical farming is a technological innovation for modern farming that can be beneficial in increasing the yields of crops, overcome the limitation of land areas, and reduce the impact on the environment caused by the farmer by cutting the distance traveled in the supply chain. It can be defined as the practice of growing crops by stacking in rows, but mainly in a well controlled environment.
Growing shelves are mounted in a vertical structure thereby cutting down the amount of space that is needed to grow the plants when compared to the traditional farming methods in rural areas. This method of growing crops is often chosen by people in urban areas due to its ability to thrive in very limited spaces. Also, particular setups of vertical farms do not even require soil for growing plants.
The technique of hydroponics is mainly adapted in urban areas where most vegetables are grown in nutrient-dense bowls of water. Some varieties of crops are grown using the aeroponic technology in which water and nutrients are sprayed on the roots of the crops. Artificial lights are been used in the absence of natural sunlight.
The advantages of indoor vertical farming methods are very obvious when urban growth and maximized yield in crops are analyzed. The variables such as water, light, and humidity can be controlled using vertical farming methods and this helps to precisely measure the increase in food production using reliable harvests.
Vertical farms are seen using up to seventy percent less water than traditional farms in rural areas. Thus the usage of less energy and water optimizes energy conservation. The use of labor is also reduced with the use of robots and this helps in planting, handling the harvest, and so on.