The incorporation of new technologies in agriculture is changing how farmers manage the fields and treat their crops, especially in recent years. It is not necessary for farmers to be experts to see the change in agriculture technology when it comes to making their farming more simple, efficient, safe and profitable.
Here are some of the technological advancements that are often picked by farmers to make the best out of the crops they grow.
GIS-based Agriculture Technology
Since fields are based on locations, GIS software has become a great tool of use for precision farming. Farmers can now map changes in temperature, plant health, precipitation, crop yields and many more by making use of GIS software. It also allows using applications that are based on GPS in-line with smart machines to optimize the applications of pesticides and fertilizers. Farmers now don’t need to treat their whole field; they only need to check and deal with some areas thereby saving a lot of their time, money and effort.
GIS-based agriculture also comes with the benefit of the application of drones and satellites to collect informative data on weather, vegetation, conditions of the soil, and terrain from the eye view of a bird, all of which are vital to improving the accuracy of decision making of farmers.
Data Derivation from Satellites
With the advantage of collecting data from satellites, real-time monitoring, prediction of yields, and detection of threats have become easier. The sensors can give imagery from different spectra that allow the application of various spectral indices like NDVI. With NDVI, several factors such as the vegetation content, the overall health of the plant, and the tilting of plants, etc. can be easily detected.
Drones – data Obtained from the Sky
Farmers are now making use of drones as a great opportunity to define various features like the presence of weeds, crop biomass, water saturation, plant height, and some fields with greater precision. Drones deliver more precise data in high resolution when compared to the data obtained from satellites. They also give information faster when compared to scouts when operated locally.
Drones are also regarded as better aides in protecting the crops against attacks from insects, wherein the invasion of insects is blocked by applying insecticides using drones on the areas that are prone to attack. With the usage of drones, there is only a slight chance of direct exposure which leads to chemical poisoning.