Modern farming technology changed the farms in a big way, especially in the last fifty years and this is very much perceivable. For example, farms are bigger, they require lesser manual laborers, and even livestock like pigs, beef cattle, dairy cows, and poultry are raised on the same farm. This is because, advancements in sciences like genetics, medicine, technologies like AI, etc., improved different aspects of farming and thereby improved yield. Listed below are the major ways modern technology improved farming, read on to know more.
Genetics And Breeding Of Livestock
Livestock improvement by selective breeding has been practiced by humans since farming began in ancient times. This was done to get better livestock produce like leather, meat, wool, and for improved productivity and resistance to diseases.
With modern advancements in genetics and molecular biology, scientists can identify specific elements in genes that improve the productivity of farm animals. For example, pig and beef cattle farmers use semen straws of genetically superior males to artificially inseminate females, the other method gaining popularity is embryo transfer. The biggest advantage of these improvements is the reduced environmental impact.
Pest Management And Crop Genetics
Genetics also improved plant yields and their properties like pest resistance. Again, most of the modern-day crop plants were produced by selective breeding and other gardening practices like hybridization to create genetically superior variants that give better yield, climate, disease, and pest resistance. Moreover, one of the advanced technology in agriculture is genetic engineering that is also used in improving livestock.
Nowadays, plant breeders use a combination of genetic engineering and traditional gardening techniques to create newer crop variants with properties like improved germplasm, increased yields, modified seeds, drought tolerance, herbicide tolerance, and better disease resistance. Moreover, this kind of improvement is essential for meeting the increasing need for food due to the rise in the global population.
Reduced Labour And Mechanisation
With the improvements in farming equipment, the labor reduced significantly, and modern farm equipment combines tractor and planters changing the way how crops are raised. One of the biggest advantages of this is, it made raising and harvesting crops less time consuming and more efficient. Besides, automated feeders in barns, robotic milking machines for cows and the use of AI-enabled precision agriculture technology increased crop yield with less labor-intensive practices.
It is obvious that modern farming technology brought an overall change in agricultural practices and improved food supply globally.