Agriculture technologies employ techniques to improve the harvest and growth of vegetables and livestock. Different types of agriculture technologies include minichromosomal technology, weather tracking, vertical farming, soil and water sensors, pervasive automation and RFID technology.
Radio frequency technology (RFID) uses radio frequency to identify objects without any contact. This facility is used in various industries such as retail management, security supervising, supply chain management and traffic supervising.
RFID requires support from IoT software to filter, store, collect and analyze farming data. IoT offers farmers real-time tracking, which helps them to improve and control growing techniques.
Use of RFID in Agriculture
Radio frequency technology offers monitoring systems, which protects the crops from pests and wireless sensors can be used to monitor cattle.
Tags provided by RFID, helps farmers to overcome day-to-day problems and these tags are used to differentiate products at the time of packing. This makes tracing cheap and easy to carry out. It uses dedicated software and hardware to monitor livestock management.
Application of RFID technology
RFID is used to receive, pay and evaluate the products received from suppliers and it helps to process incoming shipments. Tracking system offers real-time stats of the supply chain, tracking plants to the point-of-sale.
Advantages of RFID in agriculture
- Tags offered by RFID have data regarding weight, date of harvest, harvested field, moisture level temperature and nutritional information.
- These tags offer secured access, high recognition, easy integration and stores bulk data.
- Greenhouses use RFID tags to collect specialized data and these data helps in equipment management, recording and measuring growth time and personnel management.
- RFID is used in Phytoplasma monitoring or viruses
- These are safe tools which identify foods and plants subjected to rules and regulation.
Future of RFID in agriculture
Markets for RFID tags are expected to reach a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11% by 2021. Government will provide strong support to its farmers by helping them to improve agricultural technologies and practices, to achieve this target.
Government is expecting to offer RFID semiconductors which would improve crop inventory, efficiency, managing time, property access and equipment maintenance. At present, these semiconductors are only developed for few farmers.
Farmers are giving their best to grow five crops annually by tracking conditions such as soil chemistry, humidity, sunlight levels and temperature. For better tracing, farmers are advised to use integrate RFID with real-time locating system (RTLS) and internet services.