Digital Agriculture is the strategy of using latest and advanced technologies in agriculture that will be integrated to function as a single system, mostly to improve the farming methods and stakeholders within the agriculture value chain, and also to improve the food production as a whole.
Most of the farmers of today often make decisions like how much fertilizers should be applied based on a combination of many factors such as recommendations, measurements, and experience. They are been implemented after the course of action is decided by the farmer, the results of which are not always seen until the time of harvest.
On the contrary, giving a digital face to the system of agriculture helps in enabling more data accurately and more frequently- these are also combined with external sources like information about weather. The resulting data is often analyzed and interpreted by the farmer which helps him to make more informed and appropriated decisions in the future, most of which can be implemented very quickly with greater accuracy using techniques like advanced machinery, and robotics. With this technology, farmers can also get live-feedback about the impact of their decisions and actions.
The technology that is used in digital agriculture often include communication networks, sensors, Unmanned Aviation Systems (UAS), robotics, Artificial Intelligence (AI), advanced machinery, along with various other principles of Internet of Things (IoT). Each of these technological advancements brings something valuable to farming methods to form data collection to management to processing to guidance and direction. Integrated systems like these often offer new insights that are beneficial in enhancing the ability to make decisions and implement them in a subsequent manner.
Digital methods of agriculture often have the potential to make the agriculture industry more productive as well as consistent in using the time and resources in an effective manner. This is often a very big advantage for farmers and it brings wider benefits for societies around the world. Agriculture technology also enables organizations to share information across the boundaries of the traditional industry more easily, thereby opening many newer opportunities for farmers.
Digital agriculture, which is often the result of agriculture technology, often has the potent to transform the way food is produced for the entire world. But this approach is still considered new as the costs for installation are very high and the details on long-term benefits are less available. Therefore, collaborations and consensus across the value chain would be required for securing its adoption.