Innovations and improvement in farming and agriculture due to agri technology in the last few decades have improved agricultural output dramatically. However, these industries are facing challenges due to labor shortages, rising cost of supplies, a shift in consumer preferences, and above all, the threats from climate change. This has been recognized by corporations involved in this field, and they realized the immediate need for solutions to the challenges mentioned earlier. As a result, in the last five years, there has been a surge of investments to develop new technologies for agriculture and farming. Shared below are details about some promising agriculture technology innovations.
Indoor Vertical Farming
Indoor vertical farming is a modern agriculture technology that helps to bypass the limitations of land area and increase the crop yield. Besides, it also helps to reduce the environmental impact of farming due to the reduced length of the supply chain. Above all, it ensures consistent crop yield during this time of unpredictable weather patterns due to climate change. This is because you can regulate optimal growing conditions in these indoor facilities.
In this method of farming, crops are cultivated in growing shelves stacked on top of each other. This reduces the space required for growing plants compared to traditional farming. Due to this, indoor vertical farming is ideal for urban farming. It also ensures the supply of farm-fresh food produced within cities, rather than being sourced from farms outside city limits. This has the added benefit of reducing the cost of food products, thereby makes them more accessible for people.
Automation of farms also called smart farming, increases the efficiency of farming operations. This is usually done by automating crop and livestock production using technologies like robotic harvesters, seeding robots and drones, autonomous tractors, and so on. Recognizing the benefits of using these technologies, many traditional agriculturists, as well as agriculture companies are adopting farm automation.
Farm automation technologies like drones, autonomous tractors, and harvest automation are primarily used for doing mundane tasks, as well as to cover larger areas in a shorter time. These technologies also help to tackle issues like rising labor costs, changing consumer preferences, and producing huge quantities of food for the rising global population. As a result, they bring down the cost of food production and reduce the environmental impact of farming.
Lage Scale Greenhouses
In the last few decades, large scale greenhouses have been involved in food production. At times, they can be compared to conventional land-based farming. They use technologies like automated climate control, LED lights, etc., to create tailormade growing conditions for crops.
Other technologies that are making headway include livestock management by tracking cows using sensors, precision farming, and blockchain. With the integration of more technologies, the future of agriculture and farming looks bright.